what does ps stand for

What does PS stand for?

PS is commonly used as an abbreviation for “postscript,” a term that originated from the Latin expression “post scriptum” meaning “written after.” In the context of written communication, PS is often added as an afterthought or additional information following the main body of a message or document.

The History of Postscript

The use of postscripts dates back to the time when letters and documents were primarily handwritten or typed using typewriters. If the writer forgot to include something important in the main content, they would add it as a postscript, indicated by the abbreviation “PS” followed by a colon. This ensured that the reader wouldn’t overlook the additional information.

what does ps stand for

With the evolution of technology and the popularity of personal computers, postscripts made their way into digital communication. Despite the decline in handwritten and typed letters, many people still use the abbreviation “PS” in emails, instant messages, and social media platforms to emphasize or add something to their original message.

Usage and Meaning of PS Today

In modern communication, PS is usually placed at the end of a message, following the signature or name of the writer. It serves as a way to highlight an important point, provide an extra thought, or include information that may have been forgotten in the main body of the message.

Here are a few common uses and meanings of PS:

1. Adding Additional Information

PS is commonly used to add an extra piece of information that is unrelated to the main content but still relevant to the message. For example, in a business email confirming a meeting, one might include a postscript mentioning the venue or any additional documents required.

2. Emphasizing a Key Point

Using PS allows the writer to draw attention to a crucial aspect they may have forgotten to include earlier in the message. By placing it at the end, they ensure the reader notices the point. This is often done to avoid confusion or to make sure an important detail isn’t overlooked.

3. Including a Personal Note

PS can also be used to include a personal note or a more casual remark after the formal or main content of a message. This helps to add a friendly and informal touch to an otherwise professional or formal communication.

Alternatives to PS

While PS remains widely recognized and used, there are alternative ways to convey the same meaning and purpose. Some alternatives include:

1. PPS

PPS stands for “post-postscript” and is used when a writer wants to add something after a postscript. It follows a similar logic and is generally used less frequently than PS.

2. NB

Derived from the Latin term “nota bene,” meaning “note well,” NB is often used to bring attention to an important point or information that may have been missed in the main message. It is commonly used in formal writing and academic settings.

3. FYI

FYI, short for “for your information,” is frequently used in emails and other digital communications to simply provide information without requiring a specific action or response. It can act as a standalone note or be used in conjunction with PS if additional information is needed.


In summary, PS is an abbreviation for “postscript” commonly used to add extra information, emphasize key points, or include personal notes at the end of written communication. Despite its historical origin, PS has found its place in modern digital correspondence and remains a recognizable shorthand in various forms of written messages, ensuring that crucial information doesn’t get overlooked.

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