what does zar stand for


ZAR, which stands for Zimbabwean dollar, is the official currency of Zimbabwe. In this article, we will explore the history, significance, and current status of the ZAR, shedding light on its journey from inception to the present day. From its introduction to the struggles it faced, and finally, the decision to abandon it in favor of foreign currencies, this article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the Zimbabwean dollar.

History of the Zimbabwean Dollar

The Zimbabwean dollar came into existence in 1980, following Zimbabwe’s independence from British colonial rule. Initially, it was at par with the British pound, but later, under the leadership of President Robert Mugabe, the country faced significant economic challenges that led to hyperinflation.

During the late 2000s, hyperinflation in Zimbabwe hit staggering levels, resulting in the denomination of the dollar multiple times. In 2008, the government introduced the “Fourth Zimbabwean Dollar” as a direct response to the economic crisis, but it failed to curb the hyperinflation.

what does zar stand for

By 2009, the Zimbabwean dollar had become virtually worthless, with citizens resorting to using foreign currencies such as the South African rand, US dollar, and the Botswana pula for everyday transactions.

The Abandonment of the Zimbabwean Dollar

In 2009, Zimbabwe officially abandoned the Zimbabwean dollar and adopted a multicurrency system. This decision aimed to stabilize the economy and curb hyperinflation by allowing the use of foreign currencies alongside the local currency. The US dollar became the primary currency used for transactions, while the South African rand and other currencies were also accepted.

However, even with the adoption of foreign currencies, Zimbabwe faced significant economic challenges, such as cash shortages and limited access to foreign currency. The government had little control over its monetary policy, as it relied on other countries’ currencies.

The Return of the Zimbabwean Dollar

In June 2019, the Zimbabwean government made another attempt to introduce a new domestic currency, known as the “New Zimbabwean Dollar” (ZWL). This decision was made to regain control over monetary policy and reduce dependence on foreign currencies.

Initially, it was introduced as electronic money, followed by the reintroduction of physical banknotes and coins. However, the re-introduction faced skepticism due to concerns about the government’s ability to manage the currency effectively and prevent a return of hyperinflation.

The Current Status of the Zimbabwean Dollar

As of now, the Zimbabwean dollar remains in circulation, but its value is extremely volatile. The exchange rate fluctuates drastically, causing uncertainty for both businesses and citizens. Zimbabwe’s economy continues to face challenges, with inflation rates reaching alarming levels.

The government has implemented various measures to control the exchange rate, such as banning the use of foreign currencies for local transactions and introducing a foreign currency auction system. However, these measures have had limited success in stabilizing the currency and the economy as a whole.


The Zimbabwean dollar, despite its historical significance, struggles to establish strong roots in the country’s economy. From its initial introduction to the challenges it faced, including hyperinflation and limited access to foreign currency, the journey of the Zimbabwean dollar reflects the economic hardships experienced by Zimbabwe.

While the government attempts to regain control over its monetary policy through the reintroduction of the currency, the Zimbabwean dollar continues to face significant volatility and uncertainty. The future of the currency remains uncertain, and the country’s economic stability hangs in the balance as it strives to overcome its challenges and establish a thriving financial system.

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