what is a finite verb


In linguistics, a finite verb is a verb form that is limited by the grammatical features of tense, mood, person, and number. It is used to indicate a completed or ongoing action or state of being in a sentence. Understanding finite verbs is essential in comprehending the structure and meaning of sentences in any language.

What is a Finite Verb?

A finite verb, also known as a conjugated verb, refers to a verb form that includes grammatical information indicating tense, mood, person, and number. It is typically the main verb in a sentence and carries the essential meaning or action. Finite verbs can express different tenses (past, present, future), moods (indicative, subjunctive, imperative), and agree with the subject in terms of person (first, second, third) and number (singular, plural).

Examples of Finite Verbs

what is a finite verb

Here are some examples of sentences where finite verbs are used:

1. Present Tense

– They run every morning.

– She writes poems in her free time.

2. Past Tense

– He played the piano beautifully.

– We finished our work on time.

3. Future Tense

– I will travel to Europe next month.

– They are going to buy a new car.

4. Indicative Mood

– She is happy about her exam results.

– They believe in living a healthy lifestyle.

5. Subjunctive Mood

– If I were you, I would take that opportunity.

– It is important that he study for the test.

6. Imperative Mood

Listen to me carefully.

Take a deep breath and relax.

Importance of Finite Verbs

Finite verbs play a crucial role in constructing grammatically correct and meaningful sentences. They provide information about the time of an action or state (tense), the speaker’s attitude towards that action or state (mood), and the subject’s characteristics (person and number). Without finite verbs, sentences can become incomplete or lack clarity.


Finite verbs are the backbone of sentences, allowing us to express various actions, states, and attitudes. Their inclusion of tense, mood, person, and number makes sentences more informative and coherent. Understanding finite verbs is vital for effective communication in any language.

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