what is a unit trust

What is a Unit Trust?

A unit trust, also known as a mutual fund, is a type of investment vehicle that pools money from multiple investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of securities such as stocks, bonds, and other assets. It is managed by professional fund managers who make investment decisions on behalf of the investors.

How Does a Unit Trust Work?

When you invest in a unit trust, you are essentially buying units in the trust. Each unit represents a proportional share of the trust’s underlying assets. The value of your investment is determined by the performance of these underlying assets.

what is a unit trust

Investors can typically purchase units in a unit trust at the ongoing net asset value (NAV) per unit. The NAV is calculated by dividing the total value of the trust’s assets by the number of units outstanding. The NAV is also used to determine the price at which units are redeemed or sold back to the trust.

Unit trusts are open-ended investment funds, which means that there is no limit on the number of units that can be issued. Investors can easily buy or sell units on any business day at the prevailing NAV price. This provides liquidity and flexibility for investors who wish to enter or exit their investments.

Benefits of Investing in a Unit Trust

Investing in a unit trust offers several benefits:


A unit trust allows individual investors to achieve diversification by gaining exposure to a wide range of investments. Instead of investing in just one or a few securities, investors can benefit from the combined performance of various assets in the trust, which helps reduce risk.

Professional Management

Unit trusts are managed by experienced professionals who have in-depth knowledge of the financial markets. These fund managers make investment decisions based on thorough research and analysis, aiming to generate optimal returns for investors.


Investing in a unit trust provides access to markets and investment opportunities that may otherwise be difficult for individual investors to access. Unit trusts often invest in a diverse range of assets across different sectors, regions, and asset classes.


One of the key advantages of unit trusts is their liquidity. Investors have the flexibility to buy or sell units at any time, usually at the end of a business day, at the prevailing NAV. This allows investors to easily access their investment capital when needed.

Professional Reporting and Monitoring

Unit trust providers typically provide regular reports and updates to investors, including detailed information on the fund’s performance, holdings, and investment strategies. This helps investors to better understand the performance and progress of their investments.

Considerations before Investing in a Unit Trust

While unit trusts offer numerous benefits, there are some important considerations to keep in mind:


As with any investment, there is the potential for both gains and losses when investing in a unit trust. The value of the units can fluctuate based on the performance of the underlying assets. It is important for investors to assess their risk tolerance and investment objectives before investing.

Fees and Charges

Unit trusts typically charge fees and expenses, which are deducted from the fund’s assets. These fees may include management fees, administrative fees, and other expenses. Investors should carefully review the fee structure and consider the impact on their investment returns.

Investment Horizon

Investing in a unit trust should align with your investment horizon. Some unit trusts may be more suitable for long-term investors, while others may cater to short-term investment goals. It is important to select a unit trust that matches your investment objectives and time horizon.

Financial Goals

Before investing, it is crucial to define your financial goals, such as saving for retirement, achieving capital growth, or generating regular income. Different unit trusts may have different investment strategies and objectives, so it is important to select the ones that best align with your goals.

Investment Research

It is recommended to conduct research and due diligence before investing in any unit trust. Consider factors such as the fund manager’s track record, the fund’s performance history, and the fund’s investment approach. This information can help you make informed investment decisions.


Unit trusts are a popular investment choice for many individuals seeking access to professionally managed, diversified portfolios. They offer benefits such as diversification, professional management, accessibility, liquidity, and regular reporting. However, it is important to carefully consider factors such as risk, fees, investment horizon, financial goals, and conduct thorough research before investing in a unit trust. Ultimately, selecting the right unit trust can help you achieve your investment objectives and build long-term wealth.

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