what is an interview

What is an Interview?

An interview is a formal conversation between two or more people, where one person asks questions to gather information from another person or group of people. It is a commonly used method in various settings such as job hiring, media interviews, research studies, or even as part of the admissions process for educational institutions. Interviews are conducted to assess a person’s qualifications, skills, knowledge, personality, and suitability for a particular role or position.

Types of Interviews

There are different types of interviews depending on the purpose and context:

what is an interview

1. Job Interviews

Job interviews are the most well-known type of interviews. They are conducted by employers to evaluate and select candidates for job vacancies. Job interviews can be face-to-face, over the phone, or even conducted through video conferencing. They typically include questions about the candidate’s background, experience, skills, and their suitability for the role.

2. Media Interviews

Media interviews involve a journalist or interviewer asking questions to gather information from individuals who have expertise in a particular field or are involved in newsworthy events. These interviews can be live or recorded and are often used to inform, educate, or entertain the audience.

3. Research Interviews

Research interviews are conducted as part of academic or scientific studies to collect data and gain insights. They involve asking specific questions to participants who meet certain criteria, and the responses obtained are used for analysis and drawing conclusions. Research interviews can be structured, semi-structured, or unstructured based on the study’s objectives.

4. Admission Interviews

Admission interviews are often conducted as part of the application process for educational institutions such as colleges or universities. These interviews help assess a candidate’s suitability for admission and may include questions about their academic achievements, extracurricular activities, career goals, and personal qualities.

The Interview Process

1. Preparation

Before an interview, both the interviewer and the interviewee should prepare adequately. The interviewer needs to determine the objectives, plan the questions, and create a comfortable environment for the interviewee. On the other hand, the interviewee should research the organization or topic, prepare responses, and gather any necessary documents.

2. Introduction

The interview usually begins with an introduction where both parties introduce themselves and establish rapport. The interviewer may provide a brief overview of the interview process, emphasize confidentiality, and address any concerns or queries the interviewee might have.

3. Questioning

The questioning phase is the core of the interview. The interviewer asks a series of questions to gather the required information or assess the interviewee’s capabilities. Questions can be open-ended, closed-ended, hypothetical, behavioral, or technical, depending on the purpose of the interview. It is important for the interviewee to listen carefully, understand the question, and provide relevant and concise responses.

4. Closing

At the end of the interview, the interviewer wraps up the conversation by allowing the interviewee to ask any remaining questions. They may also provide information about the next steps in the process, such as when the final decision will be made or when the interviewee can expect to hear back. Both parties thank each other for their time and conclude the interview.

Tips for a Successful Interview

To make the most out of an interview, here are some useful tips:

1. Research

Thoroughly research the organization, company, or topic relevant to the interview. This will demonstrate your interest and preparation, allowing you to provide informed responses.

2. Practice

Practice answering potential interview questions to build confidence and avoid being caught off guard. It is also beneficial to practice good body language, eye contact, and a clear speaking voice.

3. Be Authentic

Be yourself and answer questions truthfully. Employers and interviewers appreciate honesty and authenticity, as it helps them understand the real qualities and suitability of the interviewee.

4. Ask Questions

Prepare a list of thoughtful questions to ask the interviewer. Asking relevant questions not only demonstrates your interest and engagement but also helps you gather more information about the organization or role.

5. Follow Up

After the interview, send a thank-you note or email to the interviewer, expressing your gratitude for the opportunity. This shows professionalism and reiterates your interest in the position or topic discussed during the interview.


Interviews serve as a crucial tool for gathering information, making informed decisions, and determining suitability for various roles and purposes. Whether it’s a job interview, research study, media interview, or admission interview, adequate preparation, clear communication, and showcasing your true self are essential ingredients for success. By following the tips mentioned, you can increase your chances of acing your next interview and achieving your goals.

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