what is provident fund

Provident Fund: An Ultimate Guide

A provident fund is a savings scheme designed to provide financial security to employees in their retirement years. It is a mandatory contribution made by both the employer and employee, typically a percentage of the employee’s salary, towards a retirement fund. This fund accrues over time and is intended to support the employee after their active working years by providing a lump sum amount or a regular income stream.

How Does a Provident Fund Work?

A provident fund operates under specific rules and regulations, enforced by the government or an authorized regulatory body. The employer deducts a certain portion from the employee’s salary, known as the provident fund contribution, and makes a matching contribution from the company’s funds. These contributions are then invested and earn interest over the years. The accumulated amount, along with the interest, becomes the employee’s retirement corpus.

Benefits of Provident Fund

what is provident fund

1. Retirement Security: An individual’s ability to earn diminishes after retirement, making it crucial to have financial security. Provident funds ensure that the employee has a substantial amount to support their living expenses during retirement.

2. Forced Savings: By contributing a portion of their salary towards the fund, employees develop a habit of saving money. This fosters financial discipline and prevents extravagant spending.

3. Tax Savings: Provident fund contributions are generally eligible for tax deductions. This reduces the taxable income of the employee, resulting in lower tax liabilities.

4. Employee Welfare: Provident funds contribute to the overall welfare of the employees by providing them with a safety net in times of need. The fund can be utilized for medical emergencies, education, housing, or any other contingencies outlined in the fund’s rules.

5. Withdrawal Options: Depending on the specific rules governing the fund, employees may have the option to withdraw the provident fund amount partially or in full under certain circumstances such as a medical emergency, higher education expenses, or purchasing a home.

Types of Provident Funds

1. Statutory Provident Fund: These funds are governed and mandated by the government or a regulatory authority. They generally apply to employees working in the public sector or industries specified by the government.

2. Recognized Provident Fund: These funds are established by private establishments and are required to follow the rules and regulations set by the government. They are governed by the Employees’ Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.

3. Unrecognized Provident Fund: These funds are established by private establishments but do not meet the criteria specified by the government. They are recognized neither by the government nor the tax authorities.

4. Public Provident Fund: This fund is open to both salaried and self-employed individuals. It is a government-backed savings scheme designed to encourage long-term savings with attractive interest rates and tax benefits.

How to Calculate Provident Fund?

The calculation of provident fund contribution typically depends on the employee’s basic salary and the agreed-upon contribution percentage, as decided by the employer. The contribution is calculated by multiplying the basic salary with the contribution percentage agreed in the employment contract.


A provident fund plays a vital role in ensuring employees’ financial stability during their retirement years. It serves as an effective tool for wealth accumulation and disciplined savings. By understanding the types, benefits, and workings of a provident fund, individuals can plan for their future and secure their financial well-being.

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