why do i feel pain in my lower abdomen after abortion

Feeling pain in your lower abdomen after an abortion

Experiencing pain in your lower abdomen following an abortion procedure is not uncommon. It is vital to understand that every individual’s experience may vary, and while some discomfort is normal, severe or persistent pain should be promptly addressed by a medical professional. In this article, we will explore the potential causes of lower abdominal pain after an abortion and provide some insights on managing and alleviating the discomfort.

1. Uterine contractions and cramping

During an abortion, whether it is a surgical or medical procedure, the uterus undergoes contractions to expel the pregnancy tissue. These contractions can lead to cramping and lower abdominal pain. It is crucial to give your body time to heal and for the uterus to return to its normal size, which can take a few days to a few weeks.

why do i feel pain in my lower abdomen after abortion

To manage this pain, your healthcare provider may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or suggest applying a heating pad to your lower abdomen. Always follow your doctor’s instructions and avoid using any medications or methods that have not been specifically recommended by healthcare professionals.

2. Infection

In rare cases, lower abdominal pain after an abortion could be an indication of an infection. Signs of an infection may include severe pain, fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, or prolonged bleeding. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention as untreated infections can lead to serious complications.

To reduce the risk of infection, it is essential to follow your healthcare provider’s post-abortion care instructions diligently. These instructions may include keeping the vaginal area clean and dry, avoiding sexual intercourse or tampon use for a certain period, and taking any prescribed antibiotics if necessary.

3. Tissue remnants or incomplete abortion

In some cases, lower abdominal pain after an abortion may be a result of tissue remnants or an incomplete abortion. If the uterus does not fully expel all pregnancy tissue, it can lead to pain and discomfort. Your healthcare provider will typically monitor your recovery through follow-up visits and may perform an ultrasound to ensure the abortion was successful.

If an incomplete abortion is diagnosed, your healthcare provider may recommend further medical intervention, such as medication or a corrective procedure, to complete the abortion and prevent any complications. It is important to communicate openly with your healthcare provider about any ongoing pain or concerns you may have.

4. Emotional and psychological factors

Alongside physical factors, it is also crucial to consider the emotional and psychological well-being after an abortion. Many individuals experience a range of emotions, including sadness, guilt, or grief, which can manifest as physical symptoms such as abdominal pain and discomfort.

It can be beneficial to seek emotional support from a trusted friend, family member, or a mental health professional experienced in reproductive health. They can provide a safe space to process your feelings and develop coping mechanisms to address both the physical and emotional aspects of your recovery.


Experiencing pain in the lower abdomen after an abortion is relatively common and can be attributed to various factors, including uterine contractions, infection, tissue remnants, or emotional distress. It is crucial to consult with your healthcare provider if you experience severe or persistent pain. By following the recommended post-abortion care instructions, seeking medical attention when needed, and addressing emotional well-being, you can ensure a healthy recovery process.

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